Rüdigheim, Amöneburg, Hesse, Germany
Rüdigheim is a community within the town of Amöneburg in the central Hessian district of Marburg-Biedenkopf, Hesse, Germany about 6 miles south of Kirchhain and 9 miles east of Marburg. [Not to be confused with Rüdigheim, Neuberg, Main-Kinzig, Hesse, Germany].
Several Generations of our early Dörr ancestors were born and lived in Rüdigheim. A German cousin, who currently lives in Niederklein, informed me that the Dörr family roots go as far back as 1496 in Rüdigheim.
History of Rüdigheim
The first documented mention of the place is in the year 1248 under the name Rudencheim. This was a Mainz property in the surrounding area of Amöneburg. Up until 1802, the area was controlled by the Electorate of Mainz, which fought the Hessians frequently. Although Kirchhain was less than 4 miles north of Rüdigheim, Kirchhain was controlled by the separate fighting Electorates: Kirchhain by Hesse; Rüdigheim and Niederklein by Mainz.
Early written records show Rüdigheim was like other places in the area, Catholic. With the evangelization of the area by Boniface in 721, it became the central hub of Catholics in Upper Hesse. The surrounding area of Rüdigheim is a charming region characterized by Christian customs. Over the centuries, from place to place, a considerable number of architectural witnesses of Christian tradition emerged, including corridors, shrines, chapels, grottos and churches.
Rüdigheim Place Name Timeline
Below is the place name timeline as best as I could figure it out for the town of Rüdigheim.
14th and 15th century: Rüdigheim, Amöneburg, Mainz, Holy Roman Empire.
1355 – Possession of Gilbrecht of Nordeck (Amöneburger Burgmann) and later the heir.
1383 – Possession goes in parts to Walprecht of Seelheim.
1394 – Possession of the Adolf Rau of Holzhausen.
1411-1486 – Possession of Schenken zu Schweinsberg.
1525 – Rüdigheim, Amöneburg, Mainz, Prussia, Holy Roman Empire.
1802 – Rüdigheim, Amöneburg, Hesse-Cassel, Prussia, Holy Roman Empire.
1803 – Rüdigheim, Cassel, Hesse-Cassel, Holy Roman Empire.
1806 – Rüdigheim, Amöneburg, Cassel, Hesse-Cassel, Prussia, Confederation of the Rhine.
1807 – Rüdigheim, Marburg, Werra, Westphalia, Prussia, Confederation of the Rhine.
1815 – Rüdigheim, Amöneburg, Hesse-Cassel, Prussia, German Confederation.
1821 – Rüdigheim, Kirchhain, Oberhessen, Hesse-Cassel, German confederation,
1868 – Rüdigheim, Kirchhain, Hesse-Nassau, Prussia, North German Confederation.
1918 – Rüdigheim, Kirchhain, Hesse-Nassau, Prussia, Germany.
1932 – Rüdigheim, Marburg, Hesse-Nassau, Prussia, Germany.
1944 – Rüdigheim, Marburg, Kurhessen, Free State of Prussia, Germany.
1945 – Rüdigheim, Marburg, Kassel, Greater Hesse, American Occupation Zone.
1946 – Rüdigheim, Marburg, Kassel, Hesse, American Occupation Zone.
1949 – Rüdigheim, Marburg, Hesse, Germany.
1971 – Amöneburg, Marburg, Hesse, Germany (the communities Erfurtshausen, Mardorf, Roßdorf and Rüdigheim were merged to form the newly formed township of Amöneburg.
1974 – Amöneburg, Amöneburg, Marburg-Biedenkopf, Hesse, Germany.
1981 – Amöneburg, Marburg-Biedenkopf, Hesse, Germany. Admin Region: Gießen.
- St. Anthony’s Catholic Church. Rüdigheim (Amöneburg), Hesse, Germany. By Hydro – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25616809 Accessed 29 Jun 2019).