New Hampshire

New Hampshire Genealogy and Ancestry Research

This page will provide you with information that will help you in your genealogy and ancestry research for the state of New Hampshire. It includes a timeline for the state, when the state began recording vital records, what US and State census records are available, a map of the counties in the state and link to page showing when counties were formed, and links to a variety of genealogy and ancestry resources for the state of New Hampshire.

New Hampshire State History Timeline

1602 – Bartholomew Gosnold (1572 – 1607 ) the English explorer and colonizer explores coast.

1603 – Martin Pring 1580-1646 was given permission by Sir Walter Raleigh for a trading and exploration expedition discovers Cape Cod and explores the islands, rivers, and harbors of New England.

1614 –  Captain John Smith (1580-1631) maps the coast and assumes leadership of the colony.

1622 – King James I of England grants the region between the Salem and Merrimac rivers, to John Mason (1600-1672, American colonial military commander) and Sir Ferdinando Gorges.

1629 – John Mason receives a grant of land under the name of New Hampshire.

1632 – John Tuttle arrived from England to a settlement near the Maine-New Hampshire border, using a small land grant from King Charles I to start a farm. In 2010 the 134-acre Tuttle Farm went on the market for $3.35 million.

1641 – Massachusetts Colony gains control of New Hampshire.

1679 – July 10 1679, the British crown claimed New Hampshire as a royal colony.

1679 – September 18 1679, New Hampshire became a county in Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1741 – New Hampshire splits from Massachusetts and becomes an English colony.

1764 – The Connecticut River is established as the border between New Hampshire and Massachusetts.

1769 – Dartmouth College is founded in the city of Hanover.

1774 – The colonists capture guns and ammo from the British Fort William and Mary.

1775 – 1775 to 1782, New Hampshire was the only one of the original 13 colonies not invaded by the British during the Revolutionary War.

1788 – Junne 21, 1788, New Hampshire becomes the ninth state.

1808 – Concord is made the permanent capital of New Hampshire.

New Hampshire Vital Records

Statewide compilation did not begin until a law was passed in 1866 requiring the secretary of state to make a report of all vital events for each of the towns. Total compliance with the law was not accomplished until the 1880s, and even then the practice of sending a copy of the vital event to the secretary of state was not uniform. By 1905, when the Bureau of Vital Records was established, regular statewide recording became a reality.

See New Hampshire Vital Records for more information regarding the history of collecting vital records for New Hampshire. and has a variety of online collections, many of which I’ve included in the links below.

New Hampshire Census Records


Population Schedules

  • Indexed’1790, 1800 (part), 1810, 1820 (part), 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930
  • Soundex’1880, 1900, 1920

Industry and Agriculture Schedules

  • 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880

Mortality Schedules

  • 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880

Union Veterans Schedules

  • 1890

With large numbers of French-Canadians in the state by the time of the 1850 census, care should be taken to use alternate spellings when using any indexes.


For the provincial period, various enumerations, primarily for tax purposes, exist for the years 1732, 1744, 1767, and 1776. All originals are available at the New Hampshire Records and Archives, and except for 1732, appear in the multi-volume set of New Hampshire State Papers (see Background Sources for New Hampshire).

For more detailed information see Census Records for New Hampshire.

New Hampshire Counties

New Hampshire Counties Map
New Hampshire Counties Map

You can find more information on the counties at New Hampshire County Resources, that include county address, date formed, parent county(ies), dates vital records and court records first recorded.

New Hampshire Genealogy and Ancestry Links has a variety of online collections, membership may be required. has a variety of free data collections.

NHGenWeb – New Hampshire USGenWeb Project

New Hampshire Genelaogy Trails

Random Acts of Genealogical Kindness – New Hampshire

GenealogySpot – New Hampshire – New Hampshire

New Hampshire Society of Genealogists

New Hampshire State History Timeline Links