Pat Burns

 Family and Genealogy

Genealogy Research Toolbox

New York Genealogy and Ancestry Resources

This page will provide you with information that will help you in your genealogy and ancestry research for the state of New York. It includes a timeline for the state, when the state began recording vital records, what US and State census records are available, a map of the counties in the state and link to page showing when counties were formed, and links to a variety of genealogy and ancestry resources for the state of New York.

New York State History Timeline

1609 – Henry Hudson explores the Hudson River and claims the land for the Dutch.

1624 – The Dutch build Fort Orange which will become the city of Albany.

1625 – New Amsterdam is established. It will become New York City.

1664 – The British take over New Netherlands and rename it New York.

1754 – The French and Indian War begins. It will end in 1763 with the British winning.

1775 – Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys capture Fort Ticonderoga at the start of the American Revolution.

1776 – The British defeat the Americans at the Battle of Long Island and take over New York City.

1777 – The Americans defeat the British at the Battles of Saratoga. This is a turning point in the war in favor of the Americans.

1788 – New York becomes the 11th state to join the Union.

1797 – Albany is made the permanent state capital.

1825 – The Erie Canal opens connecting the Great Lakes to the Hudson River and the Atlantic Ocean.

1892 – Ellis Island opens as the central immigration center for the United States.

1929 – The New York Stock Exchange crashes signaling the start of the Great Depression.

2001 – The Twin Towers of the World Trade Center are destroyed by terrorists.

New York Vital Records

Not until the mid-nineteenth century was any attempt made by the state of New York to mandate the keeping of vital records. This makes the use of ‘substitutes,’ such as church, cemetery, census, and newspaper records, that much more important. A few vital records were entered into some early town records on Long Island and later in some towns along the eastern border, the latter evidently by New England settlers bringing with them a long-standing tradition of such practice. The mass migration into New York just after the Revolution, however, took place at a time when vital event recording slacked off greatly, even in New England.

Statewide Birth, Death and Marriage Records Begin: 1880.

Marriage – Earliest items that could be classified as vital records in New York were marriage licenses, issued from 1639 to 1783.  See online book Names of Persons for Whom Marriage Licenses Were Issued by the Secretary of the Province of New York, Previous to 1784.)

See New York Vital Records, originally written by Roger D. Joslyn, CG, FUGA, FGBS, FASG for Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, for more details about when records began in New York.

Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org both have a variety of online collections. I have included links to many of them in the links section below.

New York Census Records

Federal

Population Schedules

  • Indexed: 1790, 1800, 1810 Cortland and part of Broome County – missing , 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860 Chenango and Columbia counties – damaged, 1870, 1880 Suffolk County and New York City Wards 21 and 22 – damaged, 1890 fragment – parts of Eastchester (Westchester County) and Brookhaven (Suffolk County) survived., 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.
  • Soundex: 1880, 1900, 1920

Industrial and Agricultural Schedules

  • 1820 (industrial only), 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880

Mortality Schedules

  • 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880

Union Veterans Schedules

  • 1890 (indexed)

Colonial and State

Census Every 10 years from 1825-1875, 1892, 1905, 1915, 1925 (pre 1825 and 1855 to 1905 were destroyed in 1911 state library fire except for fragments of the 1790 state census.)

Map of New York Counties

New York Counties Map
New York Counties Map

New York Resource Links

Marriage Licenses Previous to 1784 in the province of New York – Book
https://archive.org/details/namesofpersonsfo00newyuoft

New York State Department of Health
http://www.health.ny.gov/vital_records/genealogy.htm

Albany County Records
http://www.albanycounty.com/achor/

Albany RDC Records
http://aleph0.clarku.edu/~djoyce/gen/albany/

Records of the Reformed Dutch Church of Albany, New York, 1683-1809
http://aleph0.clarku.edu/~djoyce/gen/albany/refchurch.html

Early New Netherlands
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~rclarke/

Huguenot Hist Society
http://www.huguenotstreet.org

NY GenWeb
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nygenweb/county.htm

NYG&BS
http://www.newyorkfamilyhistory.org

Random Acts of Genealogical Kindness – New York
https://raogk.org/newyork/

GenealogySpot – New York
http://www.genealogyspot.com/state/ny.htm

GenealogyBuff.com – New York
http://www.genealogybuff.com/ny/

Genealogy Toolbox – New York
http://www.genealogytoolbox.com/NY/new-york-state.html

NY Hist Soc
https://www.nyhistory.org/web/

NYS Archives
http://www.archives.nysed.gov/aindex.shtml

NYS Offline Resources
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nysource/

Northern NY Hist Newspapers
http://news.nnyln.net

Northern NY Genealogy
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hubbard/NNY_index/surnames.html

Old Fulton Postcards
http://www.fultonhistory.com/Fulton.html

Olive Tree Genealogy NY
http://www.olivetreegenealogy.com/nn/

People of Colonial Albany
http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/

PCA Bio Index
http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/bios/bioindex.html#v

Schenectady DHA
http://www.schenectadyhistory.org/index.html

Tri-Counties Gen Hist
http://www.joycetice.com/jmtindex.htm

Ulster County Families
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~luke/

Book:History of New Paltz, New York and its old families (1678 to 1820) including the Huguenot pioneers and others who settled in New paltz previous to the revolution“. Online Full Text.
http://archive.org/stream/historyofnewpalt01ralp/historyofnewpalt01ralp_djvu.txt

New York History Timelines

Sources

RESEARCH BY CATEGORY

RESEARCH BY STATE

RESEARCH BY COUNTRY

AD

Scroll to Top
%d bloggers like this: